Background: Loss of CD95 expression in tumour cells occurs frequently in colon carcinoma and may be associated with disease progression. On the other hand, neo-expression of CD95L in tumour cells may contribute to immune evasion.
Aims: We aimed at further exploring the functional role and prognostic significance of the CD95/CD95L death inducing system in colon carcinomas.
Patients and methods: CD95 and CD95L expression was examined by immunohistochemistry in 128 R0 resected UICC (International Union against Cancer) stage II/III colon carcinomas and correlated with disease free survival.
Results: CD95 expression in tumour cells was observed in only 30 carcinomas (23.4%) whereas the others had at least a minor subpopulation of CD95 negative cells. Loss of CD95 in tumour cells was related to adverse prognosis in uni- and multivariate analysis (p = 0.046 and p = 0.036, respectively). Tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were the major source of CD95L in colon carcinomas. CD95L+TIL were present in 83% of cases whereas CD95L was found in tumour cells in only 12% of cases. Moreover, a high rate of CD95L+TIL correlated with prolonged disease free survival in patients with UICC stage II (p = 0.05) but not in those with stage III.
Conclusions: Loss of CD95 in tumour cells may be an independent prognostic factor in colon carcinomas. The CD95L counterattack is not a relevant feature in colon carcinoma but CD95L+TIL may contribute to tumour control in the early stages of the disease, exerting a concurrent selection pressure in the direction of CD95 abrogation/resistance.
- CD95L, CD95 ligand
- TIL, tumour infiltrating lymphocytes
- UICC, International Union against Cancer
- colon carcinoma
- colon cancer
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Conflict of interest: None declared
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