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Randomised controlled trial of azathioprine and 5-aminosalicylic acid for treatment of steroid dependent ulcerative colitis
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  1. S Ardizzone1,
  2. G Maconi1,
  3. A Russo2,
  4. V Imbesi1,
  5. E Colombo1,
  6. G Bianchi Porro1
  1. 1Chair of Gastroenterology, “L Sacco” University Hospital, Milan, Italy
  2. 2Epidemiology Unit, Local Health Authority, Milan, Italy
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr S Ardizzone
    Cattedra di Gastroenterologia, Azienda Ospedaliera “L Sacco”, Polo Universitario, Via G.B. Grassi, 74, 20157 Milano, Italy; samari1{at}tin.it

Abstract

Background and aim: There are limited evidence based data concerning the use of azathioprine in ulcerative colitis. We aimed to compare the efficacy of azathioprine and oral 5-aminosalicylic acid in inducing remission of steroid dependent ulcerative colitis.

Methods: Seventy two patients with steroid dependent ulcerative colitis were admitted to this investigator-blind study. Steroid dependence was defined as a requirement for steroid therapy ⩾10 mg/day during the preceding six months, with at least two attempts to discontinue the medication. The disease had to be clinically and endoscopically active at study entry, and all patients were taking systemic prednisolone (40 mg/day). Patients were randomised to receive azathioprine 2 mg/kg/day or oral 5-aminosalicylic acid 3.2 g/day, for a six month follow up period. The outcome of the treatment was defined as (1) success, indicating induction of clinical and endoscopic remission and steroid discontinuation, or (2) failure, indicating the absence of clinical and endoscopic remission and therefore the need for at least one further cycle of systemic steroids to control symptoms, apart from the initial one, or colectomy.

Results: Significantly more patients in the azathioprine than in the 5-aminosalicylic acid group had clinical and endoscopic remission, and discontinued steroid therapy, both in the intention to treat (azathioprine v 5-aminosalicylic acid: 19/36 patients (53%) v 7/36 (21%); odds ratio (OR) 4.78 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.57–14.5)) and per protocol (azathioprine v 5-aminosalicylic acid: 19/33 patients (58%) v 7/34 (21%); OR 5.26 (95% CI 1.59–18.1)) analysis.

Conclusions: Azathioprine is significantly more effective than 5-aminosalicylic acid in inducing clinical and endoscopic remission and avoiding steroid requirement in the treatment of steroid dependent ulcerative colitis.

  • AZA, azathioprine
  • 5-ASA, 5-aminosalicylic acid
  • UC, ulcerative colitis
  • 6-MP, 6-mercaptopurine
  • PGA, physician global assessment
  • OR, odds ratio
  • steroid dependent ulcerative colitis
  • azathioprine
  • 5-aminosalicylic acid

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Footnotes

  • Conflict of interest: None declared.

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