Background In vitro, vitamin B12 acts as a natural inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication.
Objective To assess the effect of vitamin B12 on virological response in patients with chronic HCV hepatitis naïve to antiviral therapy.
Methods Ninety-four patients with chronic HCV hepatitis were randomly assigned to receive pegylated interferon α plus ribavirin (standard-of-care; SOC) or SOC plus vitamin B12 (SOC+B12). Viral response—namely, undetectable serum HCV-RNA, was evaluated 4 weeks after starting treatment (rapid viral response), 12 weeks after starting treatment (complete early viral response) and 24 or 48 weeks after starting treatment (end-of-treatment viral response) and 24 weeks after completing treatment (sustained viral response (SVR)). Genotyping for the interleukin (IL)-28B polymorphism was performed a posteriori in a subset (42/64) of HCV genotype 1 carriers.
Results Overall, rapid viral response did not differ between the two groups, whereas the rates of complete early viral response (p=0.03), end-of-treatment viral response (p=0.03) and SVR (p=0.001) were significantly higher in SOC+B12 patients than in SOC patients. In SOC+B12 patients, the SVR rate was also significantly higher in carriers of a difficult-to-treat genotype (p=0.002) and in patients with a high baseline viral load (p=0.002). Distribution of genotype IL-28B did not differ between the two groups. At multivariate analysis, only easy-to-treat HCV genotypes (OR=9.00; 95% CI 2.5 to 37.5; p=0.001) and vitamin B12 supplementation (OR=6.9; 95% CI 2.0 to 23.6; p=0.002) were independently associated with SVR.
Conclusion Vitamin B12 supplementation significantly improves SVR rates in HCV-infected patients naïve to antiviral therapy.
- Vitamin B12
- chronic hepatitis C
- response to treatment
- 13C-urea breath test
- breath tests
- celiac disease
- gastric adenocarcinoma
- helicobacter pylori
- gastric metaplasia
- gastric cancer
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval Ethical Committee University Federico II of Naples.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.