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Original article
Global prevalence of, and risk factors for, gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms: a meta-analysis
  1. Leonardo H Eusebi1,2,
  2. Raguprakash Ratnakumaran3,4,
  3. Yuhong Yuan5,
  4. Masoud Solaymani-Dodaran6,7,
  5. Franco Bazzoli1,
  6. Alexander C Ford3,4
  1. 1Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  2. 2The Royal Free Hospital and University College London Institute for Liver and Digestive Health, London, UK
  3. 3Leeds Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
  4. 4Leeds Gastroenterology Institute, St. James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK
  5. 5Division of Gastroenterology, Health Sciences Centre, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  6. 6Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  7. 7The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Alex Ford, Leeds Gastroenterology Institute, Room 125, 4th Floor, Bexley Wing, St. James's University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK; alexf12399{at}yahoo.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors Guarantor of the article: ACF. LHE, RR, YY, MS-D, FB and ACF conceived and drafted the study. LHE, YY, MS-D and RR collected all data. ACF and LHE analysed and interpreted the data, and drafted the manuscript. All authors commented on drafts of the paper. All authors have approved the final draft of the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors Guarantor of the article: ACF. LHE, RR, YY, MS-D, FB and ACF conceived and drafted the study. LHE, YY, MS-D and RR collected all data. ACF and LHE analysed and interpreted the data, and drafted the manuscript. All authors commented on drafts of the paper. All authors have approved the final draft of the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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