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Proton pump inhibitors increase the risk of cholecystitis: a population-based case–control study

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  • Contributors S-CC: study conception and design and initial draft of manuscript; C-CL: data analysis and interpretation and initial draft of manuscript; C-YP, W-HH. S-WP, S-WL: concept of the study; H-CL: interpretation and manuscript draft and revision and guarantor of the article.

  • Funding This study was supported in part by the National Sciences Council, Executive Yuan (grant number NSC 99-2621-M-039-001), China Medical University Hospital (grant number 1MS1), Taiwan Ministry of Health and Welfare Clinical Trial Center (grant number MOHW106-TDU-B-212-113004).

  • Disclaimer This study is based on data from the National Health Insurance Research Database provided by the Bureau of National Health Insurance, Department of Health, Taiwan and managed by the National Health Research Institutes. The interpretations and conclusions contained herein do not represent the opinion of these agencies and institutions.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.