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IDDF2019-ABS-0041 The effect of banana fruit (musa sapientum) as an adjunct to omeprazole in the management of uninvestigated dyspepsia
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  1. January Ramirez
  1. Quezon City General Hospital and Medical Center Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Philippines

Abstract

Background Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of banana fruit as an adjunct to Omeprazole in the management of Uninvestigated Dyspepsia, (UD.)

To determine the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of banana fruit as an adjunct to Omeprazole in the management of UD.

Methods This is a therapeutic experimental study on the effectiveness of banana fruit as an adjunct to Omeprazole in the management of Dyspepsia consulting at Quezon City General Hospital Out-Patient Clinic.

The study was conducted from December-February 2018. Out of 100 subjects, 81 were included in the study. Using the systemic sampling method, patients were assigned to either Group I-39 or Group II-42. Omeprazole 20 mg/tab once a day for 2 weeks was given to Group II, whereas, 1 piece of banana fruit 3 times a day was added to the same dose of Omeprazole in Group II for 2 weeks. Talley Dyspepsia Symptoms Questionnaire Mean Global Symptom Index Scoring was used to monitor improvement in the severity of dyspeptic symptoms.

Results There were 81 subjects who completed the study. The mean age of Group I 13 (33%) belonged to 25–30 years old age bracket, most subjects in Group II are from the 19–24 years old age bracket, 12(29%). Both groups had more female than male subjects, Group I 23(59%), Group II 21(50%). Epigastric Pain was the predominant complaint on both groups with a mean of 10.08 in Group I and mean of 9.23 in Group II. As to the resolution of symptoms, Group II subjects had their symptoms resolved by the 3rd and 7th day of follow-up regardless of the MGSI score as compared to Group I subjects whose symptoms on day 7th of follow-up. Treatment in both groups was proven effective based on the resolution of symptoms within the treatment period; however, there was a faster resolution of symptoms in Group II with a mean day of 3.35 compared to 4.23 of Group I. No adverse effects were observed in both groups.

Conclusions Banana fruit as an adjunct in the treatment of UD was proven to be effective, safe and cost-effective.

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