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We have read with interest the recent publication of Hegyi and Sahin-Tóth1 reporting that chronic pancreatitis (CP)-predisposing CPA1 mutations function through the misfolding pathway rather than through loss of CPA1 protein/activity. Herein, we explore an additional insight gleaned from this study beyond those discussed in an accompanying Editorial.2
In the original study reporting the association of CPA1 variants with CP, all unambiguous loss-of-function (LoF) variants (eg, nonsense mutations) were lumped together with missense mutations that functionally impaired the CPA1 protein.3 However, unlike missense mutations, unambiguous LoF variants often result in transcripts that contain premature termination codons (PTC) and are thus prone to nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD). NMD detects and degrades PTC-containing transcripts, thereby preventing the accumulation of truncated proteins.4 5 This implies that most unambiguous LoF CPA1 variants would not be able to elicit endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and hence, in light of the Hegyi and Sahin-Tóth study, will not predispose …
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