Table 1

Clinical characteristics of 32 HIV-1 infected patients investigated for small bowel bacterial overgrowth

Clinical feature Diarrhoea (n=21) No diarrhoea (n=11)
Risk group
Homosexual19  (90)9  (82)
 Heterosexual2 (10)1 (9)
 Intravenous drug use01 (9)
Prior opportunistic infection12 (57)5 (45)
Antiretroviral therapy17 (81)7 (64)
Duration of diarrhoea (mean no of weeks)15NA
Number of stools/day (mean)9NA
Indications for endoscopy
Diarrhoea21 (100)0
 Oesophageal symptoms07 (64)
 Epigastric pain02 (18)
 Staging of Kaposi’s sarcoma02 (18)
Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis
Trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole12 (57)9 (82)
 Dapsone6 (29)0
Azithromycin3 (14)0
CD4 lymphocyte count, median (range)20 (2–828)50 (1–353)
  • Values in parentheses are percentages except where otherwise indicated.

  • NA, not applicable.