Table 4

Odds ratios of anti-HBc positivity and hepatocellular carcinoma with hepatitis C virus infection

SubgroupOdds ratio95% Confidence interval
Male1.771.37 to 2.27
 Female1.841.25 to 2.71
Alcohol intake
Nondrinkers and occasional drinkers1.481.10 to 1.98
 Daily drinkers1.841.27 to 2.67
Cigarette smoking
Nonsmokers and light smokers1.581.18 to 2.11
 Heavy smokers2.101.39 to 3.17
Past history of blood transfusion
Positive1.791.22 to 2.62
 Negative1.641.25 to 2.14
  • Comparison was performed between patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic hepatitis. Anti-HBc, antibody to hepatitis B core antigen.