Table 2

Effect of oats in the diet of adult patients with coeliac disease on total intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs)

VariableCoeliac disease in remissionNewly diagnosed coeliac disease
Oat group (n=26)Control group (n=26)p ValueOat group (n=19)Control group (n=21)p Value
IEL count/100 epithelial cells
 Baseline38.0 (20)35.2 (13.2)58.2 (19.2)60.3 (18.6)
 6 months37.4 (13.8)37.3 (14.7)34.3 (15.6)36.0 (14.5)
 12 months34.5 (12.9)37.9 (22.4)
 Change0.6 (21.8)2.0 (11.7)0.94−23.8 (23.3)−21.7 (14.5)0.84
 Group difference (95% CI)−2.6 (12.3 to 7.2)−2.1 (−14.4 to 10.2)
  • Values are means (SD); 95% confidence intervals (CI) are shown in parentheses; p values were calculated using the Mann-Whitney U test.