Table 3

Post-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) hepatic encephalopathy

Studyn (with TIPSS)Indication for TIPSSPatients with Child class C cirrhosis (%)New or worsened hepatic encephalopathy (%)Chronic hepatic encephalopathy (%)
Martin and colleagues39 45Variceal bleed204320
Rossle and colleagues16 93Variceal bleed22167
Sanyal and colleagues40 30Variceal bleed29473
Somberg and colleagues41 77Variceal bleed, refractory ascites29235
Jalan and colleagues42 68Variceal bleed3113NS
Coldwell and colleagues43 96Variceal bleed35257
Ochs and colleagues26 50Refractory ascites644416
  • NS, not stated.