Table 3

Coeliac disease versus autoimmune diseases and neonatal outcome

Coeliac versus Mother diabetes3-1 Mother other AD3-2 Father AD incl diabetes3-3
Birth week,
 Difference (week)0.70−0.09−0.83
 95% CI difference(0.13,1.27)3-150 (−0.60, 0.42)(−1.93, 0.26)
Preterm birth (<37 weeks)
 Coeliacv controls (%)4.1v 9.14.1 v3.912.5 v 7.1
 OR0.421.042.60
 95% CI OR(0.09–2.09)(0.23–4.76)(0.66–10.26)
Birth weight
 Difference (g)−209−175−321
 95% CI difference(−403, −15)3-151 (−356, 7)(−549, −93)3-152
LBW ⩽2499 g
 Coeliac v controls (%)11.3 v 2.311.3v 3.611.1 v3.0
 OR5.493.464.02
 95% CI OR(1.07–28.30)3-153 (1.24–9.65)3-154 (0.94–17.13)
Birth length
 Difference (cm)−0.34−0.53−1.49
 95% CI difference(−1.19, 0.50)(−1.20, 0.13)(−2.52, −0.46)3-160
Caesarean section
 Coeliacv controls (%)9.4v 29.29.4 v16.97.4 v 16.1
 OR0.250.510.42
 95% CI OR(0.09–0.71)3-164 (0.20–1.34)(0.09–1.85)
Neonatal hospital care
 Coeliac v controls (%)17.0 v 36.017.0v 12.514.8 v7.5
 OR0.361.442.13
 95% CI OR(0.16–0.84)3-161 (0.65–3.15)(0.65–6.98)
  • OR, odds ratio; LBW, low birth weight.

  • Significance values:

  • 3-150 p=0.017,

  • 3-151 p=0.035,

  • 3-152 p=0.006,

  • 3-153 p=0.042,

  • 3-154 p=0.024,

  • 3-160 p=0.005,

  • 3-164 p=0.009,

  • 3-161 p=0.009.

  • 3-1 Mothers with diabetes (controls, see text);

  • 3-2 mothers with non-coeliac and non-diabetes autoimmune diseases (controls, see text);

  • 3-3 autoimmune diseases including diabetes (controls, see text).