Table 5

Upper dysmotility symptoms. Population standardised prevalence rates (with 95% confidence intervals (CI)) and rate ratios (with 95% CI) for 2nd to 5th quintiles of socioeconomic class relative to 1st quintile

MalesFemales
Standardised prevalence rate
(95% CI)
Rate ratio
(95% CI)
Standardised prevalence rate
(95% CI)
Rate ratio
(95% CI)
1st quintile8.38 (5.23–11.53)16.28 (12.54–20.01)
2nd quintile9.17 (6.82–11.52)1.09 (0.64–1.55)21.49 (18.26–24.73)1.32 (1.05–1.59)
3rd quintile9.36 (6.82–11.90)1.12 (0.65–1.58)18.82 (15.89–21.76)1.16 (0.88–1.43)
4th quintile11.84 (9.43–14.24)1.41 (0.99–1.84)21.17 (18.68–23.66)1.30 (1.04–1.56)
5th quintile12.16 (9.55–14.78)1.45 (1.02–1.88)21.96 (18.91–25.01)1.35 (1.07–1.63)
  • 5th quintile is the most disadvantaged socioeconomic class.

  • Upper dysmotility symptoms: any of the following symptoms, if reported to occur often or very often: early satiety, postprandial fullness, bloating, nausea, or vomiting.