Table 1
Characteristic findings of autoimmune pancreatitis
ERCP, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
• Increased levels of serum gammaglobulin or IgG
• Presence of autoantibodies
• Diffuse enlargement of the pancreas
• Diffusely irregular narrowing of the main pancreatic duct on ERCP images
• Fibrotic changes with lymphocyte infiltration
• No symptoms or only mild symptoms, usually without acute attacks of pancreatitis
• Rare pancreatic calcification or pancreatic cysts
• Occasional association with other autoimmune diseases
• Effective steroid therapy
• Association with diabetes mellitus often improved by steroid therapy