Table 1


Normal intestinal floraThe complex collection and balance of microorganisms which normally inhabit the gastrointestinal tract, fulfilling a role in host nutrition, physiology, and control of the immune system
ProbioticA live microbial food ingredient which is beneficial to health
PrebioticA non-digestible food ingredient which beneficially affects the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon having the potential to improve host health
SynbioticA mixture of probiotics and prebiotics which beneficially affects the host by improving the survival and implantation of live microbial dietary supplements in the gastrointestinal tract, and thus improving host health and wellbeing