Table 3

Endoscopic findings in patients with dyspepsia compared with those of age and sex matched controls13

Dyspepsia (%)Controls (%)
*Number of discordant pairs in the 2×2 table (there are two more columns in the table—that is, discordant pairs and significance (p value)).
Oesophagitis, grades I–II128
Hiatal hernia 33
Gastritis (superficial)2016
Atrophic gastritis 44
Duodenogastric reflux1813
Peptic ulcer disease 8* (p=0.02)4
Duodenitis20* (p=0.0005)9
Normal54 (p=0.003)66