Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients in the Lactobacillus GG (LGG) and placebo groups

LGG (n=23)Placebo (n=22)p Value
There were no statistically significant differences.
Male14 (60.8%)15 (68.2%)0.841
Age (y) (mean (range))37.3 (22–71)36.2 (22–64)
Smokers10 (43.5%) 6 (27.3%)0.410
Disease duration (y) (mean (range)) 6.5 (0.6–21) 7.4 (1–19)
Disease location
    Ileum16 (69.6%)19 (86.4%)0.319
    Ileum-colon 5 (21.7%) 2 ( 9.1%)0.448
    Colon 2 ( 8.7%) 1 ( 4.5%)0.968
    Previous resection 5 (21.7%) 6 (27.3%)0.932
Primary indication for surgery
    Obstruction17 (74.0%)15 (68.2%)0.924
    Fistula 6 (26.0%) 4 (18.2%)0.780
    Failure of medical therapy 0 3 (13.6%)0.217