Table 2

Indications for gastrostomy

Indications for gastrostomyExample
CVA, cerebrovascular accident.
Neurological disorders of swallowingCVA, multiple sclerosis, motor neurone disease, Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy.
Cognitive impairment and depressed consciousnessHead injury
Mechanical obstruction to swallowingOropharyngeal or oesophageal cancer, radiation enteropathy
Long term partial failure of intestinal function requiring supplementary intakeShort bowel, fistulae, cystic fibrosis