Table 3

Complications of enteral tube feeding

PEG, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy; PEJ, percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy; GI, gastrointestinal.
InsertionNasal damage, intracranial insertion, pharyngeal/oesophageal pouch perforation, bronchial placement, variceal bleeding
    PEG/PEJ insertionsBleeding, intestinal/colonic perforation
Post insertion traumaDiscomfort, erosions, fistulae, and strictures
DisplacementTube falls out, bronchial administration of feed
RefluxOesophagitis, aspiration
GI intoleranceNausea, bloating, pain, diarrhoea
MetabolicRefeeding syndrome, hyperglycaemia, fluid overload, electrolyte disturbance