Table 2

Factors associated with long term weight loss and weight maintenance or regain after a lifestyle intervention

Factors at onset or during lifestyle interventionMaintainers (n = 21)Regainers (n = 10)p Value
2.
Values are mean (SD) or number.
HCV, hepatitis C virus; BMI, body mass index; HOMA, homeostasis model of assessment; ALT, alanine aminotransferase.
Age (y)43.1 (8.0)41.5 (10.3)0.64
Sex (M/F)* (% male)14/7 (67)7/3 (70)0.85
Initial BMI (kg/m2)30.6 (6.6)30.6 (4.4)0.98
Weight loss t = 0 to t = 3 (%)5.9 (3.3)6.8 (3.2)0.47
Waist loss t = 0 to t = 3 (%)7.5 (4.0)11.6 (4.9)0.02
ALT t = 0 (U/l)107 (75)115 (89)0.80
Insulin t = 0 (mU/l)16 (6)11 (5)0.03
HOMA t = 04.1 (1.7)2.5 (1.3)0.02
Non-HCV/HCV (%HCV)10/11 (52)3/7 (70)0.35
Amount exercise t = 0 to t = 3 (min/week)185 (195)245 (82)0.04
Amount of exercise t = 3 to t = 15 (min/week)150 (160)50 (55)0.02