Table 2

 Odds ratio (OR with 95% confidence interval (CI)) for progression of intestinal metaplasia (IM) according to baseline variables: univariate analysis

IM deterioration (n = 230)No IM deterioration (n = 205)OR (95% CI)p Value
Age >45 y189 (82.2%)144 (70.2%)1.95 (1.24–3.07)0.004
Male121 (52.6%)87 (42.4%)1.51 (1.03–2.20)0.034
Alcohol use80 (34.8%)51 (24.9%)1.61 (1.06–2.44)0.025
Smoking80 (34.8%)54 (26.3%)1.49 (0.99–2.25)0.059
Drinking water from well94 (40.9%)64 (31.2%)1.52 (1.03–2.46)0.037
Family history of stomach cancer28 (12.2%)18 (8.8%)1.44 (0.77–2.69)0.25
Duodenal ulcer6 (2.6%)20 (9.8%)0.28 (0.12–0.67)0.004
Gastric ulcer10 (4.3%)6 (2.9%)1.52 (0.54–4.3)0.43
Anti-CagA antibody150 (65.2%)142 (69.3%)1.14 (0.74–1.76)0.54