Table1

‚ÄÉHost recognition of microbial components

ReceptorLigand
TLR, Toll-like receptor; NOD, nucleotide binding oligomerisation domain.
TLR2Lipoteichoic acid from Gram positive bacteria
TLR2+TLR 1Triacyl lipoproteins
TLR2+TLR6Diacyl lipoproteins
TLR3dsRNA
TLR4Lipopolysaccharide
TLR5Flagellin
TLR7ssRNA recognition on endosomes (mouse)
TLR8ssRNA recognition on endosomes (human)
TLR9CpG (bacterial) DNA
NOD1D-Glu-meso-DAP (diaminopimelate; Gram negative peptidoglycan motif)
NOD2Muramyl dipeptide from peptidoglycan