Table 1

 Baseline characteristics according to quintiles of energy adjusted carbohydrate intake in 44 525 US men in 1986: the Health Professionals Follow up Study

CharacteristicQuintiles of carbohydrate intake
1 (lowest)2345 (highest)
Values are mean (SD).
*METs, metabolic equivalent tasks per week, defined as a multiple of metabolic equivalent of sitting at rest.
Participants (n)88698883894089478886
Quintile mean intake (g/day)176.6213.0234.2255.8295.2
Body mass index (kg/m2)25.4 (5.1)25.2 (5.1)24.9 (4.8)24.5 (4.8)24.2 (4.6)
Physical activity (METs)*16.5 (20.7)18.4 (23.6)20.1 (24.8)21.1 (26.6)24.6 (28.9)
Total energy (kcal/day)1962 (631)2025 (611)2031 (621)1992 (607)1943 (617)
Protein (g/day)99.4 (19.0)95.3 (15.0)92.6 (14.2)89.5 (13.9)83.6 (14.9)
Alcohol (g/day)22.8 (22.0)13.6 (15.3)9.7 (11.7)7.0 (9.2)4.6 (7.2)
Caffeine (mg/day)311 (284)266 (253)243 (244)218 (236)175 (220)
Cholesterol (mg/day)373 (133)331 (96)305 (87)276 (75)221 (75)
Saturated fat (g/day)28.8 (6.4)26.8 (5.1)25.0 (4.5)22.9 (4.3)18.5 (4.8)
Polyunsaturated fat (g/day)14.4 (4.3)13.9 (3.3)13.5 (3.0)12.8 (2.8)11.4 (3.0)
Monounsaturated fat (g/day)32.0 (6.1)29.7 (4.6)27.8 (4.1)25.6 (3.9)20.9 (4.6)
Trans fat (g/day)3.0 (1.1)3.1 (1.1)3.0 (1.1)2.8 (1.1)2.2 (1.1)
Dietary fibre (g/day)16.1 (4.4)18.8 (4.6)20.5 (5.0)22.3 (5.7)27.0 (9.2)
Current smoker (%)16.311.38.16.54.4