Table 3

 Adjusted relative risks (95% confidence interval) of symptomatic gall stone disease according to quintiles of energy adjusted intakes of glycaemic index among US men in the Health Professionals Follow up Study, 1986–1998

Quintiles of glycaemic index
1 (lowest)2345 (highest)p for trend
GSD, gall stone disease.
†Model 2, multivariate model included the following: age, body mass index, weight change during the past two years, physical activity, thiazide diuretics, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, pack years of smoking, alcohol intake, caffeine intake, dietary fibre, protein intake, and total energy intake.
Model 3, model 2 with additional adjustment for saturated and trans fats.
Model 4, model 2 with additional adjustment for monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, saturated fat, and trans fat.
Cases of GSD359319356388388
Person years90 35492 14391 53792 14291 522
Model 1: age adjusted1.001.05 (0.90, 1.22)1.16 (1.00, 1.34)1.18 (1.02, 1.37)1.26 (1.08, 1.46)0.02
Model 2: multivariate1.001.02 (0.88, 1.19)1.11 (0.96, 1.29)1.13 (0.97, 1.31)1.16 (0.99, 1.35)0.09
Model 3: multivariate1.001.03 (0.88, 1.20)1.12 (0.96, 1.30)1.14 (0.98, 1.33)1.18 (1.01, 1.39)0.04
Model 4: multivariate1.001.02 (0.88, 1.19)1.12 (0.96, 1.30)1.14 (0.97, 1.33)1.17 (1.00, 1.38)0.07