Table 5

 Features of a specialist unit for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis

HDU, high dependency unit; ITU, intensive therapy unit; CT, computed tomography; EUS, endoscopic ultrasound; MR, magnetic resonance; ERCP, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
CliniciansA multidisciplinary team of specialists in surgery, endoscopy, intensive care, anaesthesia, gastroenterology, nutrition, and full support staff
Team leaderA surgeon or gastroenterologist with specific knowledge of and interest in pancreaticobiliary disease
Critical careFacilities for HDU/ITU management of critically ill patients including renal and respiratory support
RadiologyExpertise permitting the use of dynamic helical or multislice CT, percutaneous needle aspiration, and drainage procedures: MR and angiography are helpful but not essential
EndoscopyFacilities for ERCP and all therapeutic endoscopy (on an emergency basis) by an experienced endoscopist.
EUS available as an elective diagnostic procedure