Table 1 Characteristics of the Loiano–Monghidoro study population
CharacteristicMenWomen
n (%)n (%)
All528 (51.1)505 (48.9)
Age (years)
32–4481 (15.3)94 (18.6)
45–54140 (26.5)139 (27.5)
55–64107 (20.3)107 (21.2)
⩾65200 (37.9)165 (32.7)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
<205 (0.9)28 (5.5)
20–24.9165 (31.3)228 (45.1)
25.0–29.9245 (46.4)160 (31.7)
⩾30.0108 (20.5)84 (16.6)
Missing data5 (0.9)5 (1.0)
Smoking status
Never213 (40.3)332 (65.7)
Former214 (40.5)72 (14.3)
Current101 (19.1)101 (20.0)
Use of alcoholic beverages
None95 (18.0)292 (57.8)
Weekly85 (16.1)82 (16.2)
Daily348 (65.9)131 (25.9)
Coffee consumption
No108 (20.5)108 (21.4)
Yes420 (79.5)397 (78.6)
Medication use
No477 (90.3)469 (92.9)
NSAIDs17 (3.2)15 (3.0)
Aspirin33 (6.3)14 (2.8)
Corticosteroids1 (0.2)7 (1.4)
  • NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.