Table 1 Comparisons between cases and age- and sex-matched controls with regard to demographic, clinical and metabolic syndrome-related features
CasesControlsp-Value
Age (years)47.6 (11.1)47.6 (11.1)1.000
Male2810 (79.4%)2810 (79.4%)1.000
BMI (kg/m2)24.6 (3.0)23.9 (2.8)<0.001
    <2327.6%36.5%<0.001
    23–24.929.1%29.3%
    ⩾2543.3%34.1%
Waist circumference (cm)88.0 (8.1)85.8 (7.7)<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)120.0 (15.5)118.9 (15.3)0.004
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)78.9 (11.8)78.3 (11.5)0.020
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)103.0 (23.5)100.7 (19.7)0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)195.7 (34.4)194.4 (33.3)0.091
Triglyceride (mg/dl)139.7 (93.5)121.4 (73.6)<0.001
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dl)51.1 (12.7)52.0 (12.4)0.002
Current smoking1129 (31.9%)835 (23.6%)<0.001
Alcohol consumption870 (24.6%)625 (17.7%)<0.001
  • Results are given as mean (SD), except where indicated otherwise, and n = 3539 for both cases and controls.

  • BMI, body mass index.