Table 5

 Mortality risk expressed by hazard ratio in patients included in the study with or without hyponatraemia categorised according to the presence of major complications of cirrhosis

Hyponatraemia*No hyponatraemia
Data are relative risk (95% CI)
*Hyponatraemia was defined as serum sodium <130 mEq/l.
Ascitesn = 37n = 234
5.9 (2.9 to 11.7)1.0 (reference)
Hepatic encephalopathyn = 20n = 125
7.8 (3.1 to 19.8)1.0 (reference)
Variceal bleedingn = 9n = 82
11.5 (3.3 to 40)1.0 (reference)
Spontaneous bacterialn = 15n = 68
peritonitis13.6 (4.0 to 45)1.0 (reference)
Renal failuren = 11n = 28
16.5 (1.9 to 142)1.0 (reference)