TableA.15 Articles not used for economic analysis

NoReferenceReason for exclusion
1Sonnenberg A. Personal view: cost and benefit of medical rituals in gastroenterology. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004;20:939–42.Too specific
2Ladas SD, Malfertheiner P, Axon A. An introductory course for training in endoscopy. Dig Dis 2002;20:242–5.Too specific
3Dick A, Keady S, Mohamed F, et al. Use of unlicensed and off-label medication in paediatric gastroenterology with a review of the commonly used formularies in the UK. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2003;17:571–5.Too specific
4Cooper DL, Smith GE, O’Brien SJ, et al. What can analysis of calls to NHS direct tell us about the epidemiology of gastrointestinal infections in the community? J Infect 2003;46:101–5.Too specific
5Keys J, Beardon PHG, Lau C, et al. General practitioners’ use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in Tayside and Fife regions. J R Soc Med 1992;85:442–5.No economics
6Rembacken B, Fujii T, Kondo H. The recognition and endoscopic treatment of early gastric and colonic cancer. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2001;15:317–36.No economics
7Dube MG, Lobo DN, Rowlands BJet al. Audit of acute pancreatitis management: a tale of two hospitals. J R Coll Surg Edinb 2001;46:292–6.No economics
8Langman M, Kahler KH, Kong SX, et al. Drug switching patterns among patients taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a retrospective cohort study of a general practitioners database in the United Kingdom. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2001;10:517–24.No economics
9Renehan AG, Egger M, Saunders MP, et al. Impact on survival of intensive follow-up after curative resection for colorectal cancer:systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. BMJ 2002;324:813.No economics
10Pathmakanthan S, Murray I, Smith K, et al. Nurse endoscopists in United Kingdom health care: a survey of prevalence skills and attitudes. J Adv Nurs 2001;36:705–10.No economics
11O’ Hanrahan T, Irving MH. The role of home parenteral nutrition in the management of intestinal failure—report of 400 cases. Clin Nutr 1992;11:331–6.No economics
12Thompson WG, Heaton KW, Symth GT, et al. Irritable bowel syndrome in general practice: prevalence, characteristics, and referral. Gut 2000;46:78–82.No economics
13Thomas-Gibson S, Thapar C, Shah SG, et al. Colonoscopy at a combined district general hospital and specialist endoscopy unit:lessons from 505 consecutive examinations. J Roy Soc Med 2002;95:194–7.Not relevant
14Stanghellini V, Armstrong D, Monnikes H, et al. Systematic review: do we need a new gastro-oesophageal reflux disease questionnaire? Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004;19:463–79.Non-UK article
15Spiegel BMR, Vakil NB, Ofman JJ. Dyspepsia management in primary care:a decision analysis of competing strategies. Gastroenterology 2002;122:1270–85.Non-UK article
16Lin OS, Mannava S, Hwang KL, et al. Reasons for current practices in managing Barrett’s esophagus. Dis Esophagus 2002;15:39–45.Non-UK article
17Abuksis G, Mor M, Segal N, et al. Patient education program is cost effective for preventing failure of endoscopic procedures in a Gastroenterology department. Am J Gastroenterol 2001;96:1786–90.Non-UK article
18Van Kouwen MC, Drenth JP, Verhoeven HM, et al. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients aged 85 years or more. Results of a feasibility study in a district general hospital. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2003;37:45–50.Non-UK article
19Lapane KL, Spooner JJ, Mucha L, et al. Effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use on the rate of gastrointestinal hospitalizations among people living in long term care. J Am Geriatr Soc 2001;49:577–84.Non-UK article
20Longobardi T, Jacobs P, Wu L, et al. Work losses related to inflammatory bowel disease in Canada:results from a National Population Health Survey. Am J Gastroenterol 2003;98:844–9.Non-UK article
21Levy RL, Von Korff M, Whitehead WE, et al. Costs of care for irritable bowel syndrome patients in a health maintenance organization; Am J Gastroenterol 2001;96:3122–9.Non-UK article
22Yim HB, Jacobson BC, Saltzman JR, et al. Clinical outcome of the use of enteral stents for palliation of patients with malignant upper GI obstruction; Gastrointest Endosc 2001;53:329–32.Non-UK article
23Bini EJ, Weinshel EH, Generoso R, et al. Impact of gastroenterology consultation on the outcomes of patients admitted to the hospital with decompensated cirrhosis. Hepatology 2001;34:1089–95.Non-UK article
24Pardo A, Durandez R, Hernandez M, et al. Impact of physician specialty on the cost of nonvariceal upper GI bleeding care; Am J Gastroenterol 2002;97:1535–42.Non-UK article
25Fletcher DR. Peptic disease: can we afford current management? Aust N Z J Surg 1997;67:75–80.Non-UK article
26Callahan CM, Buchanan NN, Stump TE. Healthcare costs associated with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy among older adults in a defined community. J Am Geriatr Soc 2001;49:1525–9.Non-UK article
27Lang M, Niskanen M, Miettinen P, et al. Outcome and resource utilization in gastroenterological surgery. Br J Surg 2001;88:1006–14.Non-UK article
28Richter JM, Wang TC, Fawaz K, et al. Practice patterns and costs of hospitalization for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage; J Clin Gastroenterol 1991;13:268–73.Non-UK article
29Parente F, Bargiggia S, Bianchi Porro G. Prospective audit of gastroscopy under the ‘three-day rule’: a regional initiative in Italy to reduce waiting time for suspected malignancy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2002;16:1011–14.Non-UK article
30Quirk DM, Barry MJ, Aserkoff B, et al. Physician specialty and variations in the cost of treating patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding; Gastroenterology 1997;113:1443–8.Non-UK article
31The Burden of Gastrointestinal Diseases, The American Gastroenterological Association. Available at (accessed 3 January 2006).Non-UK article
32Delvaux M. Digestive health in the elderly: faecal incontinence in adults. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2003;8(Suppl 3):84–9.Non-UK article
33Marshall JK, Cawdron R, Yamamura DL, et al. Use and misuse of cost effectiveness terminology in the gastroenterology literature:a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol 2002;97:172–9.Non-UK article
34Provenzale D, Lipscomb J. A reader’s guide to economic analysis in the GI literature. Am J Gastroenterol 1996;91:2461–70.Non-UK article
35Gross CP, Canto MI, Hixson J, et al. Management of Barrett’s esophagus: a national study of practice patterns and their cost implications. Am J Gastroenterol 1999;94:3440–7.Non-UK article
36Froehlich F, Burnand B, Pache I, et al. Overuse of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in a country with open access endoscopy: a prospective study in primary care. Gastrointest Endosc 1997;45:13–19.Non-UK article
37Norum J, Olsen JA. A cost effectiveness approach to the Norwegian follow-up programme in colorectal cancer. Ann Oncol 1997;8:1081–7.Non-UK article
38Spiegel BMR, Targownik LE, DeRosa V, et al. The quality of published health economic analyses in digestive diseases:a systematic review and quantitative appraisal. Gastroenterology 2004;127:403–11.Non-UK article
39Provenzale D, Wong JB, Onken JE, et al. Performing a cost effectiveness analysis:surveillance of patients with ulcerative colitis. Am J Gastroenterol 1998;93:872–80.Non-UK article
40Maroun J, Ng E, Berthelot JM, et al. Lifetime costs of colon and rectal cancer management in Canada. Chronic Dis Can 2003;24:91–101.Non-UK article
41Sonnenberg A, Inadomi JM, Becker LA. Economic analysis of step-wise treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1999;13:1003–13.Non-UK article
42Loeve F, Brown ML, Boer R, et al. Endoscopic colorectal cancer screening:a cost-saving analysis. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000;92:557–63.Non-UK article
43Nietert PJ, Silverstein MD, Mokhashi MS, et al. Cost effectiveness of screening a population with chronic gastroesophageal reflux. Gastrointest Endosc 2003;57:311–18.Non-UK article
44Sonnenberg A, Delco F, Inadomi JM. Cost effectiveness of colonoscopy in screening for colorectal cancer. Ann Intern Med 2000;133:573–84.Non-UK article
45Baxter YC, Dias MCG, Maculevicius J, et al. Economc study in surgical patients of a new model of nutrition therapy integrating hospital and home vs the conventional hospital model. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2005;29(Suppl):S96–105.Non-UK article
46Chen SC, Rex DK. Review article:registered nurse-administered propofol sedation for endoscopy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004;19:147–55.Non-UK article