Table 3.2.7 Aetiology (expressed as percentages) of acute pancreatitis, as reported from various regional studies in the UK, and in other European or Western countries

CountryCity/regionStudy periodNo of casesAetiologyAuthors and reference
Gallstones (%)Alcoholic (%)Other and unknown (%)
UK studies:
UKBristol1950–6959058537Trapnell JE and Duncan EH, 1975284
UKBristol1968–7973750842Corfield AP et al, 1985285
UKNottingham1969–7621446845Bourke JB et al, 1979286
UKNE Scotland1983–85378411544Thomson SR et al, 1987287
UKWessex region1994–95186332047Toh SK et al, 2000288
UKGlasgow1991–93279423524De Beaux AC et al, 1995289
UKSomerset1991–95263561232Norton SA et al, 2001290
Other European or Western countries:
FinlandTampere1967–6897531631Mero M, 1982291
SwedenGothenburg1974–7520426668Svensson JO et al, 1979292
FinlandTampere1977–78163235819Mero M, 1982291
NorwayBuskerud199293511534Halvorsen FA and Ritland S, 1996293
FranceNice1986–9457512524Benchimol D et al, 1996294
SpainAlicante1991473522028Minguez M et al, 1995295
ItalyBologna1990–94204601327Gullo L et al, 2002296
GreeceThessaloniki1990–948471623Gullo L et al, 2002296
HungaryGyor, Szeged1990–94483246113Gullo L et al, 2002296
FranceParis1990–9465353926Gullo L et al, 2002296
GermanyUlm, Luneberg1990–94232353827Gullo L et al, 2002296
PortugalCoimbra199491592417Milheiro A et al, 1995297
NorwayBergen1986–95978492526Gislason H et al, 2004298
SwedenMalmo1985–99929422533Lindqvist B et al, 2004299
FranceNice1994–95121433126Maes B et al, 1999300
IcelandReykavic1998–9950423226Birgisson H et al, 2002301
New ZealandAuckland1998–2001112422929Flint R et al, 2004302