Table 1

Characteristics of coeliac disease (CD) in patients and reference women

CharacteristicsAge at biopsy (years)
<1818–44≥45
Patients with CD (N=2552)Ref. women (N=12137)Patients with CD (N=4466)Ref. women (N=19705)Patients with CD (N=4477)Ref. women (N=19267)
Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
Year of birth1986 (83–88)1986 (83–88)1968 (60–75)1968 (60–75)1940 (31–46)1940 (31–46)
Age at biopsy/study entry6 (1–14)6 (1–14)31 (25–38)31 (24–38)58 (52–66)58 (52–66)
Age at end of follow-up21 (20–25)21 (19–25)40 (33–48)40 (33–48)68 (61–75)68 (62–76)
Age at first birth24 (22–27)24 (21–28)25 (22–29)26 (23–29)24 (21–27)24 (21–27)
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Education level*
Low1251 (49.0)5894 (48.6)484 (10.8)2126 (10.8)1726 (38.5)7798 (40.5)
Low middle122 (4.8)438 (3.6)1136 (25.4)5205 (26.4)1516 (33.9)6176 (32.1)
High middle778 (30.5)3811 (31.4)1092 (24.5)4733 (24.0)251 (5.6)1109 (5.8)
High401 (15.7)1994 (16.4)1754 (39.3)7641 (38.8)984 (22.0)4184 (21.7)
Number of children
02166 (84.9)10482 (86.4)1296 (29.0)5842 (29.6)562 (12.6)2539 (13.2)
1217 (8.5)933 (7.7)683 (15.3)3311 (16.8)794 (17.7)3651 (18.9)
2139 (5.4)576 (4.7)1563 (35.0)6968 (35.4)1827 (40.8)7663 (39.8)
3+30 (1.2)146 (1.2)924 (20.7)3584 (18.2)1294 (28.9)5414 (28.1)
  • * Low: ≤9 years of primary and secondary school; low middle: 2 years of high school (usually programmes for manual, clerical or assistance work); high middle: 3 years of high school (theoretical programmes); high: college or university studies.