Table 1

Subjects characteristics according to LSM feasibility

CharacteristicsLSM failure n=51Unreliable LSM n=94Validated LSM n=1190p Value
Age, years60.1±9.858.4±9.557.7±8.80.15
Women (%)56.948.939.50.01
Smoking status (%):
 Non-smoker64.764.962.70.54
 Past smoker13.722.321.4
 Current smoker21.612.816.0
Alcohol consumption, glasses/week1.7±2.71.4±2.42.1±4.00.46*
BMI, kg/m232.1±5.828.4±5.826.4±3.9<0.0001
BMI (%):
 <25 kg/m215.721.337.1<0.0001
 25–29.9 kg/m215.745.745.8
 ≥30 kg/m268.633.017.1
Waist circumference, cm101.2±12.693.1±11.889.3±11.1<0.0001
SBP, mm Hg137.4±16.5132.6±15.6131.8±15.40.05
DBP, mm Hg82.0±8.880.2±9.979.8±9.50.28
Fasting glucose, mmol/l5.95 (5.61 to 6.30)5.64 (5.41 to 5.89)5.58 (5.51 to 5.65)0.10
Triglycerides, mmol/l1.35 (1.17 to 1.56)1.03 (0.93 to 1.15)1.13 (1.10 to 1.17)0.01
HDL-cholesterol, mmol/l1.39±0.491.36±0.331.40±0.380.61
GGT, UI/l31.1 (25.4 to 38.1)23.9 (20.6 to 27.7)25.9 (24.9 to 27.1)0.12
ALT, UI/l23.6 (20.8 to 26.8)20.3 (18.5 to 22.3)22.5 (22.0 to 23.1)0.08
Metabolic syndrome (%)47.120.220.3<0.0001
  • Data are means±SD or percentages unless otherwise specified.

  • * Test on ranks.

  • Data are geometric means (95% Cl) due to skewed distribution.

  • ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; GGT, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LSM, liver stiffness measurement; SBP, systolic blood pressure.