Table 2

Factors associated with LSM failure in univariate and multivariate analyses

Univariate analysisMultivariate analysis
OR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp Value
Age ≥57 years (median)2.01.1 to 3.70.021.91.0 to 3.70.04
Women2.01.1 to 3.60.022.01.1 to 3.70.02
BMI ≥30 kg/m210.65.8 to 19.6<0.00015.52.5 to 12.2<0.0001
Elevated waist circumference*8.04.4 to 14.6<0.00012.61.2 to 5.80.02
Triglycerides >150 mg/dl1.60.9 to 3.00.13
Diabetes2.01.1 to 3.60.02
Hypertension2.41.2 to 4.90.01
  • * Highest quartile (>100 cm in men, >93 cm in women) versus Q1–Q3.

  • Fasting glucose ≥6.1 mmol/l and/or antidiabetic medication.

  • Systolic blood pressure ≥130 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mm Hg and/or antihypertensive medication.

  • BMI, body mass index; LSM, liver stiffness measurement.