Table 5

Main characteristics of subjects according to LSM values

CharacteristicLSMp Valuep Value*
<8.0 kPa≥8.0 kPa
Age, years57.5±8.860.4±8.50.0030.003
Women (%)40.823.60.0010.002
Smoking status (%):
 Past smoker20.828.1
 Current smoker15.620.2
Alcohol consumption, glasses/week2.0±3.83.2±
BMI, kg/m226.2±3.829.1±4.80.001<0.0001
BMI (%):
 <25 kg/m238.718.0<0.0001<0.0001
 25–29.9 kg/m246.142.7
 ≥30 kg/m215.339.3
Waist circumference, cm88.6±10.797.2±12.0<0.0001<0.0001
SBP, mm Hg131.2±15.4139.3±14.1<0.00010.0004
DBP, mm Hg79.6±9.582.6±9.00.0050.03
Fasting glucose, mmol/l5.51 (5.44 to 5.58)6.52 (6.24 to 6.81)<0.0001<0.0001
Triglycerides, mmol/l1.12 (1.08 to 1.15)1.31 (1.18 to 1.46)0.0060.03
Total cholesterol, mmol/l5.42±1.025.30±
HDL-cholesterol, mmol/l1.40±0.371.34±0.390.160.56
LDL-cholesterol, mmol/l3.44±0.873.33±0.850.250.26
GGT, UI/l24.7 (23.7 to 25.8)47.0 (40.5 to 54.6)<0.0001<0.0001
ALT, UI/l21.7 (21.2 to 22.3)35.2 (32.0 to 38.7)<0.0001<0.0001
MCV, fl88.2±5.989.7±
Platelets, 109/l252±59234±660.0050.05
Metabolic syndrome (%)18.641.6<0.0001<0.0001
  • Data are crude means±SD or percentages unless otherwise specified.

  • * Controlling for age and sex when appropriate.

  • Test on ranks.

  • Data are geometric means (95% CI) due to skewed distribution.

  • ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; GGT, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; LSM, liver stiffness measurement; MCV, mean corpuscular volume; SBP, systolic blood pressure.