Table 2

Factors associated with fatty liver

FactorsUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
OR (95% CI)p ValueOR (95% CI)p Value
Age (years)1.04 (1.02 to 1.05)<0.0011.00 (0.98 to 1.02)0.78
Male gender1.98 (1.48 to 2.64)<0.0011.03 (0.54 to 1.99)0.93
Alcohol consumption (g/week)1.003 (1.000 to 1.007)0.0770.99 (0.94 to 1.03)0.55
Creatinine (μmol/l)1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)<0.0011.00 (0.99 to 1.02)0.64
Ferritin1.001 (1.001 to 1.002)<0.0011.001 (1.001 to 1.001)<0.001
Haemoglobin (g/dl)1.40 (1.26 to 1.56)<0.0011.15 (0.98 to 1.34)0.083
Central obesity*4.63 (3.42 to 6.28)<0.0014.26 (2.91 to 6.24)<0.001
Triglycerides >1.7 mmol/l*6.19 (4.40 to 8.70)<0.0012.86 (1.88 to 4.35)<0.001
Reduced HDL-cholesterol*4.43 (3.02 to 6.51)<0.0012.54 (1.58 to 4.08)<0.001
Impaired fasting glucose or diabetes*3.69 (2.56 to 5.33)<0.0012.17 (1.39 to 3.40)0.001
Hypertension*3.36 (2.46 to 4.59)<0.0011.52 (1.02 to 2.26)0.040
  • * International Diabetes Federation criteria for metabolic syndrome.

  • HDL, high-density lipoprotein.