Table 4

Gut–brain pathway. Baseline functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD) as a predictor for higher levels of psychological distress at follow-up among community subjects free of clinically elevated levels of psychological distress at baseline

FGID diagnosisPsychological distress variableBaseline FGID diagnosisMean difference coefficient* (95% CI)p Value
Yes, mean (SD)No, mean (SD)
FGIDAnxiety2.1 (2.2)1.3 (2.0)0.76 (0.37 to 1.14)<0.001
Depression0.9 (1.9)0.6 (1.7)0.30 (−0.03 to 0.63)0.010
IBSAnxiety1.6 (1.6)1.5 (2.1)0.02 (−0.86 to 0.90)0.644
Depression0.7 (1.1)0.7 (1.8)0.01 (−0.73 to 0.75)0.454
FDAnxiety1.7 (2.2)1.5 (2.1)0.31 (−0.58 to 1.19)0.309
Depression0.8 (1.9)0.7 (1.8)0.11 (−0.63 to 0.85)0.741
  • * Controlling for age and gender.