Table 2

Outcome of patients with extrapancreatic necrosis only (EXPN) compared with patients with pancreatic parenchymal necrosis

CharacteristicEXPN (N=315)Pancreatic necrosis (N=324)p Value
Organ failure
 At any time during admission77 (24%)163 (50%)<0.001
 At any time during admission, persistent66 (21%)147 (45%)<0.001
 In the first week of admission47 (15%)93 (29%)<0.001
Multiple organ failure
 At any time during admission56 (18%)138 (43%)<0.001
 At any time during admission, persistent46 (15%)115 (36%)<0.001
 In the first week of admission30 (10%)64 (20%)<0.001
Sterile or infected necrosis
 Sterile necrosis264 (84%)173 (54%)<0.001
 Primary infected necrosis51 (16%)151 (47%)<0.001
Conservative treatment or intervention
 Conservative treatment258 (82%)139 (43%)<0.001
 Any intervention*57 (18%)185 (57%)<0.001
 Emergency laparotomy3 (1%)29 (9%)<0.001
 PCD (as first intervention)37 (12%)94 (29%)<0.001
 Necrosectomy40 (13%)129 (40%)<0.001
Mortality29 (9%)64 (20%)<0.001
  • * Emergency laparotomy, PCD or necrosectomy.

  • Fisher exact test.

  • With or without previous PCD or emergency laparotomy.

  • PCD, percutaneous catheter drainage.