Table 3

Outcome in subgroup of patients with primary infected extrapancreatic necrosis only (EXPN) or pancreatic parenchymal necrosis

CharacteristicInfected EXPN (N=51)Infected pancreatic necrosis (N=151)p Value
Organ failure
 At any time during admission31 (61%)101 (67%)0.50
 At any time during admission, persistent28 (55%)90 (60%)0.62
Multiple organ failure
 At any time during admission26 (51%)86 (57%)0.52
 At any time during admission, persistent21 (41%)70 (46%)0.63
Conservative treatment or intervention
 Conservative treatment4 (8%)9 (6%)0.74
 Any intervention*47 (92%)142 (94%)0.74
 Emergency laparotomy0 (0%)4 (3%)0.58
 PCD (as first intervention)32 (63%)84 (56%)0.42
  PCD only14 (28%)34 (23%)0.57
  Necrosectomy§33 (65%)108 (72%)0.23
Mortality14 (28%)27 (18%)0.16
  • * Emergency laparotomy, PCD or necrosectomy.

  • In subgroup of patients with PCD as first intervention.

  • Fisher exact test.

  • § With or without previous PCD or emergency laparotomy.

  • PCD, percutaneous catheter drainage.