Table 1

Risk stratification of endoscopic procedures based on the risk of haemorrhage

High riskLow risk
Endoscopic polypectomyDiagnostic procedures┬▒biopsy
ERCP with sphincterotomy
Sphincterotomy+large balloon papillary dilatation
Biliary or pancreatic stenting
Device-assisted enteroscopy without polypectomy
Endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection
Endoscopic dilatation of strictures in the upper or lower GI tract
Endoscopic therapy of varices
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration
Oesophageal, enteral or colonic stenting
  • ERCP, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography.