Table 1

Chemical characterisation of the camu camu extract

Extract content (mg/100 g dry weight)Daily intake* (mg/kg body weight)
Total polyphenols6550±14013.10
 Anthocyaninsnd
 Proanthocyanidins1854.97±6.533.7
 Flavanols/flavonols110.8±100.22
  Quercetin33.5±1.250.06
   Quercetin-glucoside5.6±0.510.01
   Quercetin-galactoside2.0±0.830.004
   Quercetion-3-xyloside3.5±0.960.007
   Quercetion-3-arabinoside0.7±0.390.001
  Myricetin74.3±1.960.14
   Myricetin-glucoside/galactoside8.4±1.630.01
   Coumaroyl-glucosides1.0±0.260.002
 Phenolic acids100.0±0.0010.20
  4-Hydroxybenzoic acid1.1±0.310.002
  p-Coumaric acid4.6±0.300.009
  Ferulic acid0.3±0.030.0006
  Protocatechuic acid0.4±0.120.0008
  Gentisic acid0.2±0.120.0004
 Ellagitannins450.0±1100.90
  Ellagic acid44.0±0.0010.08
  Casuarictin7.0±0.140.01
  Ellagitannin B117.1±6.700.23
  Ellagic acid44.0±0.0010.08
  Gallic acid26.1±0.760.05
Sugar
 Glucose1110±0.082.22
 Fructose1790±0.113.58
 Polysaccharides7280±5.0414.56
Fibres34290±685.868.58
 Insoluble8092.44±161.816.18
 Fibres3669.03±73.37.33
Vitamin C3330±90.86.66
  • Data are presented as the mean±SD.

  • *Daily intake was calculated based on the 200 mg of camu camu extract/kg of body weight dose orally given to mice for 8 weeks.

  • nd, non-detected.