Table 1

Baseline characteristics

Weight (kg)1191190.99118114
BMI (kg/m²)37.436.00.5533.831.4
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)5.485.030.17
Fasting insulin (pmol/L)99.495.10.8511646
HOMA1-IR (mean)3.142.890.65
Rd (µmol/kg/min)40.633.90.3731.850.5
EGP suppression (%)77.475.90.8271.585.7
Lipolysis suppression (%)67660.866474
Excreted Sitzmark (n)*53400.275851
REE (kcal/kg)17.517.40.8418.517.3
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)
HDL (mmol/L)
Dietary intake
Calories (kcal/day)203319030.5720732226
Fat (g/day)
Saturated fat (g/day)29.625.10.2823.630.0
Protein (g/day)84.1186.40.80138.4132.0
Carbohydrates (g/day)214.6206.20.80139.1193.4
Fibre (g/day)16.7119.00.2217.318.9
Alcohol (units/week)850.50611
  • Means are reported unless stated otherwise.

  • *Median instead of mean reported.

  • BMI, body mass index; EGP, endogenous glucose production; FMT, faecal microbiota transplantation; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HOMA1-IR, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance; METS-R, recipients with metabolic syndrome who received FMT from donors with metabolic syndrome; METS-D, metabolic syndrome donors; Rd, rate of glucose disappearance; REE, resting energy expenditure; RYGB-D, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass donor; RYGB-R, recipients with metabolic syndrome who received FMT from post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass donors.