Table 1

Characteristics of patients with COVID-19 with and without GI symptoms and fever

CharacteristicsCOVID-19 patients groups by GI symptoms and fever (%)P value
No GI symptoms or fever (n=8333)GI symptoms and no fever (n=504)Fever and no GI symptoms (n=18 771)Both GI symptoms and fever (n=1785)
Age groups (years)<0.001*
 <301765 (21.2)57 (11.3)2268 (12.1)203 (11.4)
 30–391417 (17.0)98 (19.4)3746 (20.0)385 (21.6)
 40–491511 (18.1)72 (14.3)4087 (21.8)344 (19.3)
 50–591827 (21.9)116 (23.0)4599 (24.5)420 (23.5)
 60–691070 (12.8)86 (17.1)2510 (13.4)263 (14.7)
 70–79547 (6.6)59 (11.7)1158 (6.2)123 (6.9)
 ≥80196 (2.4)16 (3.2)403 (2.1)47 (2.6)
Sex (male)4021 (48.3)195 (38.7)10 415 (55.5)870 (48.7)<0.001*
Region (outside of Hubei)4630 (55.6)216 (42.9)7560 (40.3)688 (38.5)<0.001*
History of chronic disease1814 (21.8)171 (33.9)4469 (23.8)547 (30.6)<0.001*
Exposure history (family or working place cluster)3637 (47.3)172 (37.9)4707 (28.0)461 (28.7)<0.001*
Shiver269 (3.2)50 (9.9)1980 (10.5)296 (16.6)<0.001*
Cough2381 (28.6)186 (36.9)6916 (36.8)725 (40.6)<0.001*
Expectoration1325 (15.9)102 (20.2)4288 (22.8)503 (28.2)<0.001*
Nasal obstruction343 (4.1)29 (5.8)784 (4.2)102 (5.7)0.005*†
Runny nose359 (4.3)43 (8.5)978 (5.2)139 (7.8)<0.001*
Sore throat533 (6.4)59 (11.7)1532 (8.2)183 (10.3)<0.001*
Headache479 (5.7)85 (16.9)2282 (12.2)371 (20.8)<0.001*
Dizziness67 (0.8)8 (1.6)183 (1.0)39 (2.2)<0.001*
Fatigue1148 (13.8)139 (27.6)4663 (24.8)672 (37.6)<0.001*
Muscle ache402 (4.8)60 (11.9)2116 (11.3)396 (22.2)<0.001*
Shortness of breath239 (2.9)33 (6.5)939 (5.0)177 (9.9)<0.001*
Dyspnoea185 (2.2)37 (7.3)716 (3.8)165 (9.2)<0.001*
Pneumonia feature by chest X-ray/CT4908 (58.9)407 (80.8)16 127 (85.9)1568 (87.8)<0.001*
Severe cases‡666 (8.0)82 (16.3)3332 (17.8)369 (20.7)<0.001*
Death93 (1.1)15 (3.0)533 (2.8)70 (3.9)<0.001*
  • *P<0.05.

  • †Fisher’s exact test.

  • ‡Including critical cases.