Table 4

mMED score and risk of UC according to selected Strata

CasesPerson-yearsMV-adjusted HR, 95% CI*Pinteraction
Sex
 Male252749 5311.20 (0.74 to 1.96)0.57
 Female143660 6370.98 (0.52 to 1.84)
Age at start of follow-up
 < 60 years247773 6220.96 (0.59 to 1.57)0.85
 ≥ 60 years148636 5461.32 (0.73 to 2.41)
Body mass index†
 < 25 kg/m2 173677 7771.10 (0.63 to 1.93)0.97
 ≥ 25 kg/m2 222732 3911.09 (0.65 to 1.84)
Education
 Primary school278979 3531.25 (0.79 to 1.99)0.37
 High school42162 9811.71 (0.37 to 7.89)
 University75267 8340.77 (0.35 to 1.71)
Physical activity†
 < below the median168547 9561.30 (0.76 to 2.21)0.52
 ≥ below the median157558 8950.99 (0.51 to 1.92)
Smoking†
 Never smoker104623 2661.03 (0.49 to 2.17)0.91
 Ever smoker288765 6271.17 (0.75 to 1.83)
  • *Comparing the extremes of mMED score quartiles. Models are adjusted for age (years), cohort (sex), body mass index, smoking (never, past and current) and total caloric intake.

  • †Missing data was not included or imputed for these analyses.

  • mMED, modified Mediterranean diet; MV, multivariable.