Table 1

Estimated numbers and proportions of oesophageal and gastric cancers for both sexes combined in 2018 by subtype, world region and Human Development Index (HDI)

OACOSCCCGCNCGC
N(%)*N(%)*N(%)*N(%)*
Sub-Saharan Africa300012%22 31888%9864%22 44796%
Northern Africa98432%204966%7249%696391%
Caribbean+Central America116532%233365%223013%14 66987%
South America501929%12 18970%36987%46 35493%
Northern America14 84565%716432%946532%19 80568%
Eastern Asia28 5219%303 78491%121 44520%498 01580%
South-Eastern Asia131110%11 40089%28548%35 17492%
South Central Asia72728%85 02692%14 40916%78 41084%
Western Asia108628%272970%371719%15 93881%
Eastern Europe247016%13 00083%675610%57 72690%
Northern Europe811163%441534%287326%833774%
Southern Europe182828%447969%338511%26 40289%
Western Europe767843%992255%734627%20 24073%
Oceania132257%92640%107832%225568%
Low HDI270214%16 65586%15497%20 29493%
Medium HDI91659%94 65491%13 98211%111 66089%
High HDI34 49210%303 90789%124 14722%434 90278%
Very high HDI38 25436%66 51862%41 28613%285 88187%
World84 61215%481 73484%180 96618%852 73582%
  • *Row percentage out of all oesophageal cancers (International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 C15) for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and out of all gastric cancers (ICD-10 C16) for cardia gastric cancer (CGC) and non-cardia gastric cancer (NCGC); other oesophageal subtypes are not shown.