Table 1

Summarised table on patient characteristics before and after matching

Before IPTWAfter IPTW
EarlyUrgentLateSMDEarlyUrgentLateSMD
n386510081601386510081601
Male (%)2700 (69.9)729 (72.3)1076 (67.2)0.0742698 (69.8)719 (71.3)1093 (68.3)0.044
Age (mean (SD))67.11 (17.04)66.37 (16.93)70.15 (15.76)0.15367.66 (16.76)67.36 (16.77)68.13 (16.46)0.031
Antithrombotic use (%)463 (12.0)127 (12.6)229 (14.3)0.046475 (12.3)128 (12.7)202 (12.6)0.008
Bleeding severity
 Modified GBS (mean (SD))8.30 (3.21)9.37 (2.81)7.91 (3.33)0.3168.36 (3.21)8.54 (3.18)8.26 (3.16)0.059
 Pulse (mean (SD))88.95 (17.14)89.94 (17.95)87.91 (17.58)0.07788.84 (17.17)88.88 (17.60)88.56 (17.06)0.012
 Systolic BP (mean (SD))127.75 (22.63)122.71 (22.77)129.05 (23.33)0.184127.42 (22.72)126.3 (21.99)127.71 (22.53)0.042
 Haemoglobin (×109/L) (mean (SD))8.97 (2.79)8.18 (2.64)9.28 (2.76)0.2708.93 (2.77)8.81 (2.73)9.02 (2.73)0.050
 Urea (mmol/L) (mean (SD))13.83 (8.49)15.50 (8.63)13.72 (9.13)0.13614.02 (8.63)14.24 (8.18)13.9 (8.57)0.027
Comorbidities
 Cancer (%)309 (8.0)90 (8.9)163 (10.2)0.051321 (8.3)82 (8.1)146 (9.1)0.023
 Cardiac diseases (%)171 (4.4)48 (4.8)96 (6.0)0.047182 (4.7)44 (4.4)80 (5.0)0.016
 Hepatic diseases (%)109 (2.8)56 (5.6)38 (2.4)0.110116 (3.0)31 (3.1)40 (2.5)0.025
 Renal diseases (%)119 (3.1)37 (3.7)61 (3.8)0.027124 (3.2)32 (3.2)56 (3.5)0.010
 Diabetes mellitus (%)323 (8.4)120 (11.9)175 (10.9)0.079356 (9.2)100 (9.9)152 (9.5)0.016
Bleeding aetiologies
 Neoplasm (%)107 (2.8)29 (2.9)65 (4.1)0.047108 (2.8)29 (2.9)62 (3.9)0.040
 Peptic ulcers (%)3518 (91.0)889 (88.2)1432 (89.4)0.0623509 (90.8)898 (89.1)1441 (90.0)0.037
 Varices (%)160 (4.1)66 (6.5)56 (3.5)0.094166 (4.3)47 (4.7)59 (3.7)0.033
 Other (%)504 (13.0)99 (9.8)259 (16.2)0.127506 (13.1)106 (10.5)247 (15.4)0.098
Endoscopic therapies
 Injection (%)3405 (88.1)903 (89.6)1373 (85.8)0.0783401 (88.0)914 (90.7)1377 (86.0)0.098
 Clipping (%)890 (23.0)267 (26.5)401 (25.0)0.053901 (23.3)265 (26.3)403 (25.2)0.047
 Thermocoagulation (%)2746 (71.0)680 (67.5)1094 (68.3)0.0522736 (70.8)698 (69.2)1101 (68.8)0.029
 Banding (%)92 (2.4)44 (4.4)33 (2.1)0.08897 (2.5)31 (3.1)34 (2.1)0.044
 Others (%)245 (6.3)59 (5.9)111 (6.9)0.029247 (6.4)59 (5.9)104 (6.5)0.016
  • All the clinical details are provided in online supplemental table 1.

  • BP, blood pressure; GBS, Glasgow-Blatchford score; IPTW, inverse probability treatment weighting; SMD, standardised mean difference.