Background This study was aimed to investigate the association between electronic cigarette (e-cig) smoking and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among the adult urban population.
Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 267 adult people in Cirebon City, West Java, Indonesia. A self-administered questionnaire based on earlier validated GERD questionnaire (GERDQ) was given. The questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics and the symptoms score for GERD. A symptoms score of at least 8 was considered as GERD. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test.
Results The median age of the subjects was 24.0 years old. E-cig smoking was frequent (74.2%) among the subjects with median duration 2.0 years. The median of its dose was 30.0 ml weekly. The prevalence of GERD in this study was 9.4%. According to e-cig smoking status, the prevalence of GERD among smokers was 6.6%, while the prevalence of GERD among nonsmokers was 17.4%. The e-cig smoking was negatively associated with GERD (PR=0.334; 95% CI: 0.144–0.772; p=0.008) (table 1).
Conclusions This population-based study showed that there is a statistically negative association between e-cig smoking and GERD in adult urban population. Further studies are needed to evaluate the association between e-cig smoking and GERD.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.