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IDDF2018-ABS-0115 The association between electronic cigarette smoking and gastroesophageal reflux disease in adult urban population
  1. Ahmad Fariz Malvi Zamzam Zein1,
  2. Catur Setiya Sulistiyana2,
  3. Murdani Abdullah3
  1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Swadaya Gunung Jati University, Indonesia
  2. 2Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Swadaya Gunung Jati University, Indonesia
  3. 3Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia

Abstract

Background This study was aimed to investigate the association between electronic cigarette (e-cig) smoking and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among the adult urban population.

Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 267 adult people in Cirebon City, West Java, Indonesia. A self-administered questionnaire based on earlier validated GERD questionnaire (GERDQ) was given. The questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics and the symptoms score for GERD. A symptoms score of at least 8 was considered as GERD. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test.

Results The median age of the subjects was 24.0 years old. E-cig smoking was frequent (74.2%) among the subjects with median duration 2.0 years. The median of its dose was 30.0 ml weekly. The prevalence of GERD in this study was 9.4%. According to e-cig smoking status, the prevalence of GERD among smokers was 6.6%, while the prevalence of GERD among nonsmokers was 17.4%. The e-cig smoking was negatively associated with GERD (PR=0.334; 95% CI: 0.144–0.772; p=0.008) (table 1).

Abstract IDDF2018-ABS-0115 Table 1

The association between e-cig smoking and GERD

Conclusions This population-based study showed that there is a statistically negative association between e-cig smoking and GERD in adult urban population. Further studies are needed to evaluate the association between e-cig smoking and GERD.

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